Learning about Central Heat And Air may seem daunting, but if you have the right information, it doesn’t have to be a difficult task. This article has the great tips you’ve been looking for. Check out this article and learn more.
Tour the house before calling a contracting contractor. Make note of which rooms are cold and which are hot. Figuring this out will the tech to diagnose the issues and quickly get to work on fixing it.
Before choosing a Air Conditioning tech find out what the company or contractor offers. A contractor will be hard pressed to provide you with an over-the-phone estimate if unfamiliar with your system. In addition, you need to be able to tell the service contractor what you have already tried. This is information that you should have prepared in advance.
When you are cutting the loose grass, be sure not to cover your outdoor with clippings. Make sure the grass and leaves does not get in your unit. This includes grass and dead leaves clippings and leaves.
If your fan compressor condenser has oil ports, you must lubricate it once per year. These ports are typically covered with caps made of metal or rubber. Look for an oil that is lightweight and then put about A bit of inside the port. You don’t want to put in too much.
Be sure you have the AC in the house checked about two times every year. The best times to have the system checked is spring and fall, quite so you are sure everything is running at peak performance before the heating and cooling seasons. This will help you to avoid problems.
A digital programmable thermostat can help you save money on your air conditioning bill. If you adjust it to keep the house a little warmer or a little cooler during the time you are sleeping, you may see your utitlity cost bill go down by as much as ten percent. Some of these thermostats can even be controlled from your smart phone or computer.
Service your Air Conditioning yearly. This visit will include a motor inspection and checking the freon. This maintenance means that your system will operate optimally.
Don’t let your home get way too hot to where it’s dangerous. A simple AC will usually only cool the home around 20 degrees within a short period of time. If the home gets above 90 degrees Fahrenheit, you’ll only cool down to still above 80. This is not a safe and comfortable temperature for you to sleep in.
Now you can see that an HVAC is not a difficult subject when you have the right information. This can help you determine when to call a repairman, when to choose a new system and what to look for in a system. Use the tips here to help you get to work now!
Many people would like to understand air conditioning, but they don’t always know how they should go about it. This article has provided a lot of information about air conditioning. It is up to you to apply the ideas you have reviewed.Continue Reading...
You think anything dealing with Central Heating And Cooling is complicated. The reason for that is because a lot goes into this type of system. But it can be simpler to educate yourself about the matter with all the information that is available.
It is important to have some knowledge of your present system and needs before calling a repair tech. It will be difficult for an Central Heating And Cooling service tech to provide you with an estimate on the phone without knowing what your current setup is. You need to know how to describe any issues. It’s important to know this beforehand.
Really Clean your condenser’s fan blades and coils come spring. The power to the equimpment should be removed before you begin any maintenance, even cleaning. Remove leaves and debris from the outdoor unit.
Really Clean the debris from outside often. Excess debris can really affect your system’s quality. Overheating can occur, which often spells disaster for your system.
Don’t let your outdoor Heating And Air Conditioning units get smothered with clippings anytime you mow the yard. Make sure you shoot the clippings in the other direction from the unit. Do the same when blowing snow or leaves.
To increase the efficiency of your Central Heating And Air Conditioning system, be sure to keep it in the cooler shade. The air in the cool shade is cooler and can help save on power bill costs.
Make use of a thermostat when you are installing an Central Heating And Cooling. Programmable thermostats can reduce your power Heating And Air Conditioning electricity costs by as much as ten percent, just by dialing back your thermostat ten or fifteen percent up to eight daily hours. Take advantage of the convenience of the ability to control many programable thermostats from your favorite electronic device.
If there isn’t anyone at home, then there’s no need for the AC equimpment to be running and wasting electricity. The house will become somewhat warmer during this time. The longer the stays on, the more it ends up costing you in electic energy bills.
Research the companies that you consider using. Check with the BBB (Better Business Bureau), and look them up on review sites online to see what previous customers have to say about their experience. This will help you to choose a repair company that is of high quality.
Find an air conditioner calculator online to determine what models are best for you. Proper sizing will increase efficiency. You can look online or do other research to get information from HVAC system manufacturers and sellers in order to determine the best equimpment size for your needs.
Ask people you know for recommendations if you need to hire a repair company for an Central A/C And Heating system. Find someone that has a lot of quality work under their belt. You are likely to also hear about negative experiences.
Now you know all about the Air Conditioner system. It can be difficult to get into this type of thing unless you’re motivated to do well, nearly as use this advice to get you started in the right direction. You will be happy that you did.
To fully understand air conditioning repair, you have to set some time aside for learning. Start by learning as much as you can. Apply what you’ve just learned, and you should soon experience success.Continue Reading...
Often, people feel overwhelmed trying to understand their Central AC. This does not have to happen though. This guide discusses what you need to know to make Air Conditioning a simple subject for you.
Before calling for help, know the system you have. Know the model and brand and find it’s maintenance history, if possible. This will help make sure that the contracting contractor you hire has all the necessary information.
If your Central Heating And Air Conditioning is giving you problems, tour the house before calling a technician. Notice the temperature in each room. Are some cooler or hotter than others? That will help your repair tech figure out where the problem is, and how he can fix it easily and quickly.
Really Clean the coils of your condenser compressing fan each month. Be safe and turn off the power supply before working on your Air Conditioner And Heater . Remove leaves and debris from the outdoor .
As the trees around your home lose leaves, it can cause your Central Air Conditioner equimpment trouble. During this time of year, check and clear off the fan grill on your on a regular basis. Your fan needs an unobstructed way to get air inside, and the more blocked up it becomes, the more headaches will develop for you with the system.
You must keep your Central Heat And Air systems oil ports well lubricated annually. You can find these ports covered with rubber or metal caps. Buy an SAE 20 product that is lightweight, and then put no more than ten drops into the ports.
You need to have a company review your equimpment twice a year. The best times to have the system checked is spring and fall, quite so you are sure everything is running at peak performance before the heating and cooling seasons. This type if preventative maintenance is highly necessary to ward off any expensive troubles from coming your way.
Condenser units for the outdoors should be shut off when it starts to get cold outside. If temps go below 60 you run the risk of damaging a equimpment that remains on. This can keep your Central A/C And Heating running and can save you money on repairs.
Consider getting a electronic t-stat for your AC. Turning down the thermostat around 10 percent for 8 hours per day can give you a 10 percent savings using the digital programmable thermostat. You can often control it from your mobile phone!
You should have your AC system inspected at least once, but preferably two or more times, per year. Make sure the person takes a look at the motor and examines the levels of freon. These things will boost the performance of your system.
Working with Central Heating And Air Conditioning isn’t too hard if you’re able to work with it and get into it by using the advice you were given above. Without information such as that found above, the topic can be tough to crack. Begin now to start doing well!
Don’t know where to begin? There is so much to learn about Ac and Heat. This article is only the starting point to learning more. Use the advice provided here, and don’t be afraid to look for more!Continue Reading...
Heating and cooling can be a great thing, but what do you do when they start to fail? The more prepared you are on this topic, the less of a disaster it will be. Continue reading to learn about using qualified help.
Understand what you want before talking to a service repair company. You can’t get a decent estimate over a telephone, so disregard those numbers and wait until they view your system. If you can’t explain anything to them, this will be even more difficult. Having this information handy will make the process much smoother.
Work On Cleaning your outdoor condensers often. You don’t know when things are going to pile up, like right after it’s windy or rains, and that can ruin your system. It may begin to overheat, causing massive damage.
You must keep your Central Heat And Central A/c systems oil ports properly lubricated annually. They generally have a rubber or metal cap on them. Buy an SAE 20 product that is lightweight, and then put no more than ten drops into the ports.
Be sure to place your outdoor system in a shady spot to maximize efficiency. This will help you save on your utitlity cost bill.
Outdoor condenser coil units need to be turned off when the weather turns cold. To avoid damage, units should be turned off when temperatures are below 60 degrees. Doing this keeps your system working well for years and saves you from having to spend money to repair it.
Consider getting a digital programable thermostat with time settings for your AC. With this device installed, it can help you save money on your electricity bills by you having the power to regulate the temperature throughout the day. Also, you’ll find that you can program your thermostat from a computer or anything connected to the web.
Don’t let the home get overly hot. Your average AC equimpment can only reduce the temperature in your home by about 20 degrees in a normal span of time. If your home become 100F or more, it will only cool off to about 80F. While it depends on the humidity, this is not safe for a human to sleep in to recover from the heat of the summer heat.
Icing up is common in air conditioners. You may even encounter a freeze in your drain line which is often confused with a plumbing leak. If this happens, put your thermostat over to fan. If the problem persists be sure to call in a professional.
Make sure to make a well-informed decision on the size of your Air Conditioner And Heater. If you buy a system that’s too large, it won’t be electricity efficient for your needs. You can also check the owner’s manual to find specific numbers provided for the manufacturer. These numbers indicate the particular system to cool a particular area.
No one can deny that it is disastrous to face life with a broken air conditioner in the heat of summer heat or a failed heating system in the cold of winter. However, had you known what you know now, you could have likely avoided the problem all together. The suggestions in the above article should lead homeowners to making smart decisions when it comes to their Central Air Conditioning system.
These days, everyone wants to know about the world of air conditioner repair, but not everyone knows where to turn for the right information. You have found the information you require to get going, right here in this article. Now put what you have read in this article to use.Continue Reading...
Many people choose to have an Central Air Conditioner in their home. Heat And Air systems keep the house feeling comfortable. Most people will need the help of an Central Heat And Air expert to repair it or install it. Read on for solid tips that will help you with your Central Heating And Air Conditioning .
Really Clean your condenser’s fan blades and coils come spring. Before you work on cleaning the surface, be sure to turn off the power. Also, it is important to clear the outside condenser coil from any debris that maybe trapped inside.
If you have that are condensers outside of the home, keep them free of debris. Things pile up after storms and damage your system. It will damage the system by overheating.
Make sure your condencing fan is in good working order by wiping down the fan blades and the coils. Before you get started, cut the power. Secondly, pop the grill off, take the blades off and clean them as well as the actual equimpment.
Don’t get residual grass clippings on your outside unit. Make sure the loose grass does not get in your . The same goes for when you blow leaves, so make sure your are careful when moving any debris in the vicinity of your Air Conditioner devices.
Your Central Air Conditioner may suffer when trees start to lose their leaves. At least minimum of twice a week, you need to work on cleaning the grill of your fan. You can head off future problems that can be caused by blockages by making sure there is a free flow of air to your fan.
If you can choose the place where your outdoor refrigerant compressor goes, pick a spot with lots of cooler shade. If your is sucking in cooler air, it will have less work to do to cool that air as it sends it inside which boosts efficiency.
For maximum efficiency, place outdoor in a shady spot. When your sucks in cooler air, then much less is required to cool it further, which saves you money on power bill bills.
Icing up is common in air conditioners. You may even mistake the frozen drains as an issue for a plumber. Try switching to fan-mode and disabling your compressor to test whether the water is a leak or melting ice. The fan setting can help melt some of the ice, but you should still call a professional to check your out.
For greater efficiency, put a radiant barrier in your attic. It blocks the heat from inside, reducing how much power bill you need to cool down the home during extra warm summer. If this is done properly, it will help extend your living space.
There are many things to help when you want information on HVAC . Correct installation is key, along with regular maintenance. Take the solid ideas from the above article to ensure that you know the best way to have an Heating And Air Conditioning unit installed, and there is proper maintenance done.
As you now know after reading this article, heat and AC is quite a complicated subject. However, if you possess the right information, you can succeed. Having said that, you must continue to research and learn all the latest news on heat and AC. You have gained some helpful advice here, use it and your efforts can be worthwhile.Continue Reading...
At first, trying to understand your Air Conditioner And Heater may seem difficult. There is complicated work going on inside of any Central AC system. That is why serious repairs require trained professionals. However, you can learn quite a bit which you can use to help you.
Before contacting a repair service, do a short tour of the entire home. Note which rooms are hot and which are cold. That way, the contractor will have an easier time diagnosing the problem and repairing it fast.
Understand what you want before talking to a repair technician. A contractor cannot give an accurate estimate without looking at your system. In addition, you need to be able to tell the contractor what you have already tried. Having this information handy will make the process much smoother.
To make sure your condenser compressing fan works properly, keep the fan blades and the coils really clean. If you are doing more than a light surface cleaning, make sure that the power is shut off to the A/C And Heating system. Remove leaves and debris from the compressor condenser outside.
When you’re trying to cut your grass and dead leaves, don’t cover a outside with the clippings. Try shooting the clippings away from it. Be just as mindful when you blow leaves to not blow them toward your Central Heat And Air equipment.
You must keep your Central Air Conditioning systems oil ports well lubricated annually. You can find these ports covered with rubber or metal caps. Your oil should be an SAE 20. This particular oil is very lightweight and it only requires about A couple drops per port.
When selecting the spot to put the outdoor compressor for your , choose somewhere that gets plenty of cool shade. The cooler the air which goes in, the less work the unit will have to do.
If you want things to be more efficient, get new units outside or have your current one moved into the shade. Your air conditioner won’t have to work quite as hard if the air is sucks in is already cool.
Have your Air Conditioning serviced at least yearly. This should happen in the fall and the spring. A quick check is worth it to avoid problems down the road.
One way to save some money with A/C is by having a digital programmable thermostat installed. Turning down the thermostat around 10 percent for 8 hours per day can give you a 10 percent savings using the digital thermostat. You can often control it from your mobile phone!
If nobody is home, turn off the air conditioner to save money. The house will heat up when it is turned off, but only a certain amount. If it is on all day, it is trying to maintain a cool temperature constantly, using a great deal of electricity to fight the heat.
This article has hopefully helped you understand a little bit more about your Central Air Conditioning unit. Motivate yourself to start using what you’ve learned. You will be satisfied with the results.
It’s not simple to learn about heating and cooling repair, but this article should help you immensely. Review the material in this piece and get a great foundation. Don’t forget the importance of searching the Internet for more information!Continue Reading...
The comfort of a home has a lot to do with whether or not it is being heated or cooled properly. That means your HVAC has to be in tip top shape. Miserable living conditions and expensive repairs are sure to result if you fail to maintain it properly. Below are many helpful tips that show you how to keep your HVAC humming along in proper working order.
Always make sure you are up-to-date about your HVAC unit. Write down what brand your system is along with the model number and, if they’re available, maintenance records. This will help make sure that the contractor you hire has all the necessary information.
If your HVAC system us giving you issues, take a look around the house prior to calling a contractor. Make a list of the temperatures in each room and whether they are hot or cold. Figuring this out will the contractor to diagnose the issues and quickly get to work on fixing it.
Clean the condenser coils and fan at the beginning of the year to help the unit run efficiently. Before you clean the surface, be sure to turn off the power. If you see debris, get rid of it.
You should clean your condenser fan’s blades and coils every spring. First, turn off the power so that nothing will move as you are working on it. Remove the grill and the blades, and then you can give them all a gentle clean.
It is a good idea to replace single-paned windows with ones that have double panes. Windows that are double pane keep the cool air in and can greatly reduce the amount of time your air conditioner will need to run. This same effect also keeps warm air in during the winter months.
Putting in a programmable thermostat is a smart way to cut back on air-conditioning costs. If you adjust it to keep the house a little warmer or a little cooler during the time you are sleeping, you may see your energy bill go down by as much as ten percent. Plus, some models allow you to control them over the internet or from a smartphone.
Now you have a better idea of what must be done. Avoid letting it fail by regularly maintaining the system. Use these tips to keep your HVAC system from failing when it should be running smoothly. It’s not really a tough job at all!Continue Reading...
If you need to buy an Central Air Conditioning system, you may be confused by the many choices. How will you know exactly which A/C And Heating system is the right system for you? What size? Which features are the best? All the new products available these days can make for a frustrating shopping experience. These tips will help steer you in the right direction.
In order to keep your outside compressor condenser fan running efficiently, make sure the coils and the fan blades are cleaned before the cooling season begins. Make sure your power is off before doing more than cleaning, such as working on the system. Clean off any leaves or debris from your external condenser coil system.
Outdoor condenser need to be cleaned regularly. Leaves, twigs and other troublesome objects can accumulate, particularly after very windy weather, and this will wreak havoc on your system. It can overheat, leading to disaster within your system.
Make certain that you work on cleaning your ground mounted condensing when the weather begins to warm. Before you do anything, however, turn the power off. Secondly, pop the grill off, take the blades off and really clean them as well as the actual .
When you mow your lawn, take care that you don’t get leaves and grass clippings all over your outdoor equimpment. Shoot leaves and grass the other way. The same goes for blowing leaves, so always be careful if you are moving debris near your Air Conditioning devices.
The Central Heat And Air in the house can become damaged from falling leaves. Clean outdoor units often to remove leaves. The fan needs to be able to get proper air inside without any blockages, and extra blockage can later develop into more serious problems.
Lubricate your fan ground mounted condensing if it has oil ports. These ports have a metal covering. Sometimes it is rubber. Use SAE 20 oil that is non-detergent and lightweight, and put A couple drops or fewer in each port, but make sure to avoid overfilling them.
Put your outdoor unit in places with cooler shade. As it brings in cool air to cool, you will save a lot of money.
Once it grows cold outside, turn off your outside ground mounted condensing . Avoid damaging the system by turning it off when the outdoor temperature drops below 60 degrees. This will help keep it in good condition for many years.
It can be a little confusing at first; choosing an Central Air Conditioning system, but tips like these should clear the air. It can be easier to decide when you have expert advice in hand. Go over this advice to make sure that you’ve got everything down, and you’ll be able to make sure that your system stays working as it should.
Many people are interested in Ac and Heat, but many also do not have the knowledge necessary on the topic. This article has so much information, you’ll be ready to move forward with confidence. Use the information you’ve learned, and get busy.Continue Reading...
Lots of folks want HVAC units in their houses. HVAC systems keep your home feeling comfortable. This HVAC system has many delicate parts to it, and it is very important that professionals are hired to put it in as well as perform yearly maintenance. Keep reading for a few good HVAC ideas you can use.
If your HVAC doesn’t seem to be working properly, check things out yourself prior to calling in a technician. You will be looking to see which of your rooms feel hotter or colder than they should be. That way, the contractor will have an easier time diagnosing the problem and repairing it fast.
Each spring it’s time to clean the inside of your condenser unit, including the fan and the sensitive coil. Turn the power off so nothing moves. Take the grill off and pull the blades out to clean them.
Don’t get grass clippings on your outside unit. Instead, make sure that the grass is shooting in the opposite direction. This applies when you are taking care of the leaves in the yard.
If you have a fan condenser with oil ports, it needs to be lubricated every year. A rubber or metal cap is typically placed over such ports. Use SAE 20 oil that is lightweight and detergent free, and put ten drops or fewer into each one. Make sure not to overfill them.
If you need to decide the best place to put your outdoor compressor unit, consider putting it in a location that is in the shade. If you have a unit taking in air that’s cooler, it won’t have to work so hard to cool air that it sends to your home.
Make sure your HVAC systems is checked twice a year. Generally, you want it done in the fall and the spring. Regular inspection will help you avoid unexpected repairs.
If possible, your single pane windows should be replaced with double-paned ones. Double pane windows will allow you to use less air during the summer because cooler air will stay in your house. Likewise, heat is better retained during the winter.
Getting a programmable thermostats can be a terrific way to realize savings. You have greater control over the temperature settings with these. Also, you’ll find that you can program your thermostat from a computer or anything connected to the web.
There are many things to help when you want information on HVAC units. It is important that installation and maintenance is done properly. Put the above tips to use to have a properly functioning HVAC system.Continue Reading...
When looking for an HVAC system for your home, the number of options available to you can be overwhelming. Do you understand exactly which kind of system you need? How large must your HVAC system be? What features will you want? All the new products available these days can make for a frustrating shopping experience. If the choices are overwhelming you, use these tips to get the best system.
If you are having issues with your HVAC, do a tour of your house before you call in help. Notice the temperature in each room. Are some cooler or hotter than others? The contractor can probably figure out and fix the problem easier.
Clean the condenser coils and fan at the beginning of the year to help the unit run efficiently. Be safe and turn off the power supply before working on your HVAC unit. Take away all of the debris as well.
Clean the debris on your condenser units. You can never tell when things will pile up, especially following rain or wind storms. These can wreak havoc on your units. This can lead to overheating.
Do not allow grass clippings to cover the outdoor unit of your HVAC system. Now so the grass clippings are shot away from your unit. The same goes for blowing leaves, so always be careful if you are moving debris near your HVAC devices.
When choosing the area for placing an outdoor compressor device, place it in a shady area. In this way, it will be cooling air that is already somewhat cooled. This saves energy.
Consumers are usually advised to have their HVAC systems inspected twice a year. The best time of year to have the system checked is right before the weather begins to change. Whether you know of problems or not, good maintenance will help you to avoid future issues.
Having a programmable thermostat installed is a money saving idea. This will help you to keep the temperature at optimal levels. There are also some programmable thermostats that can be controlled with a computer or other web-connected advice.
Your home should not have temperatures that are too hot. Air conditioners can only really cool your home down 20 degrees or so within a reasonable time period. If you have your home at above 100 degrees then you can only get it to about 80 or above. Taking into consideration the humidity level, this may not even be adequate for the human body to recover from excessive heat while sleeping.
Sometimes, you may be confused when shopping for an HVAC system. Thankfully, these tips will help. Use the tips shared here and make sure your home is a place of comfort all year.Continue Reading...
You may be confused by all the choices you see when shopping for an HVAC system. How will you know exactly which HVAC system is the right system for you? What size should you buy? Which features? As these units advance and become more complicated, choosing the right one can be confusing. Use these tips to find the system that will suit your needs.
If you have some problems with the HVAC system, check out your home before calling a contractor. Make note of which rooms are cold and which are hot. This can help contractors quickly figure out the issue and how to fix it easily and quickly.
Know what work you want done before you select an HVAC contractor. Discussing the problem is simplified if you understand what has happened with the unit. If you can’t explain changes you’ve made, the process will be even more difficult. It’s important to know this beforehand.
Don’t get grass clippings on your outside unit. Direct the clippings away from the equipment. This also applies to leaf blowing and any other yard work that results in debris.
As you notice the tress begin to lose their leaves, keep an eye on your outdoor condenser unit. When the leaves fall from nearby trees, clean the grill of your fan often. The fan needs to have an unobstructed path for air to enter the unit, and if it becomes blocked, you will end up with many headaches with the unit.
You want to put the outdoor compressor device in a shaded area. The unit will operate more efficiently to cool your home if the intake air is cooler to begin with.
It is very important that your HVAC system is serviced two times a year. The spring and autumn times are the best time to have it checked. Check it out just to be safe even if there is nothing broken.
Once it grows cold outside, turn off your outside condenser unit. This means that you should turn it off to prevent damage if the weather falls under 60 degrees Farenheit. This can ensure your unit is working well throughout the years without the cost of repairs.
Update the windows in your home to double-paned if you own it. In warmer months, these windows will help to maintain the cooler inside temperature. This also helps retain heated air during the colder months.
Purchasing an HVAC unit isn’t easy. This article has made your choice easy. Refer to these tips as you choose your HVAC system.Continue Reading...
Letting your HVAC system fall into ruin is an incredibly foolish decision for any homeowner. You may be here because you wish to learn all you can to make your HVAC last a long time. The tips below can help you get started.
Before you start calling to find someone to fix your unit, make sure you know the type of system that is installed. You need to know who manufactured the product and the item number. Also, get the maintenance records from your files if you have them. This makes sure your contractor will be sufficiently prepared.
Before you choose an HVAC contractor, have an idea in your mind of what needs to be done. It’s hard to get an estimate since they haven’t look at your system. They need to come look at the unit. So, figure out this information before anything else.
Before the summer you should clean out your condenser fan’s blades and coils. The power to the unit should be removed before you begin any maintenance, even cleaning. Clean the outdoor condenser as well.
When you cut the grass, don’t cover the outdoor units with their clippings. Get the grass shot away from your unit. This also applies to leaf blowing and any other yard work that results in debris.
Your HVAC unit may suffer when trees start to lose their leaves. When you see nearby trees shedding their leaves, clean the fan grill on your unit constantly. When blockages restrict the flow of air to the fan, you could end up with serious issues on your hands.
If possible, put your HVAC in a shaded area if it is outside. As your air conditioner sucks in cool air, little will have to be done to cool it any further, saving you a ton on your energy bills.
It is very important that your HVAC system is serviced two times a year. This should be done in Fall and Spring to prepare it for the extreme months. Check it out just to be safe even if there is nothing broken.
Having a programmable thermostat installed is a money saving idea. A thermostat that’s programmable is going to save you around ten percent on the heating and cooling costs you have to pay when you turn it back about fifteen percent for a part of the day. Some can even be controlled from a computer.
As you can see from reading the above article, it is vital that you take good care of your HVAC system to prevent it from going bad. When HVAC systems fail, they are often expensive to repair. You can lessen the chances of this happening by following through with the advice given here.Continue Reading...